According to Wikipedia, a mindset is a set of assumptions, methods, or notions(an idea) held by one or more people or groups of people.
A mindset can also be seen as arising out of a person’s worldview or philosophy of life.
So in general having a preoccupied mindset or an idea on the basis of past experience, towards something is good because it helps you in preventing the same mistake and suffering from it. IT’S GOOD.
But having an idea only on the past experiences or to be accurate having a fixed mindset towards every aspect of life Is not a very good approach.
Dweck’s Experiance With Different Mindsets
When Carol Dweck was a young researcher, she was obsessed with understanding how different cope with challenges. She conducted a study in which she gather 10-year-old children and gave them a problem to solve which was a bit difficult for them.
As a result, what she found was very much surprising for her, A 10-year boy said, “I love this challenge” and another one said, “I was hoping this would be informative“.
It was very surprising to know that those children loved failure and they believed that their abilities and intellectual skills could be cultivated and rather they are Permanent. They believed they are not born smart but getting smarter is possible by learning from all those things.
Why Do people Differ In Their Abilities
There are many factors/reasons that explain why people differ in their abilities and in their way of thinking.
Though we all have physical differences from which we have different physical abilities for these differences, making them unavoidable and unalterable.
Through the ages, these alleged physical
differences have included bumps on the skull (phrenology), the size and
the shape of the skull (craniology), and, today, genes.
But our mindset differences came from the environment we grew up in people’s backgrounds, experiences, training, or ways of learning from childhood.
Growth Mindset- Abilities Can Be Changed
People with this Growth mindset think that their abilities and skills can be cultivated and developed over time no matter where they are and how much worse they have failed.
This growth mindset is based on the belief that your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through your efforts, your strategies, and help from others.
Although people may differ in every which way—in their initial talents and aptitudes, interests, or temperaments—everyone can change and grow through application and experience.
Do people with this mindset believe that anyone can be anything, that anyone with proper motivation or education can become Einstein or Beethoven? No,
But they believe that a person’s true potential is unknown (and unknowable), that it’s impossible to foresee what can be accomplished with years of passion, toil, and training.
They don’t think about winning every time, they always think about learning over time.Dr. Carol Dweck
Believing that your abilities and qualities are carved in stones creates an urgency to prove again and again based on your natural good abilities.
The problem arises when these people think that they are born with a certain amount of intelligence, a certain amount of personality, and a certain amount of moral character.
They never gave a thought about changing these that is why they were never able to change it.Dr. Carol Dweck
Why Mindsets Matters? Any Benefit Having a Growth Mindset?
Having a Growth Mindset can determine whether you become the person you want to be and whether you will accomplish things that you value.
Carol puts this best,
The view you adopt for yourself profoundly adopts the way you lead your life.Dr. Carol Dweck
What if people are not giving silly reasons why they are not intelligent and believe that education, practice, training, and ways of learning could bring about fundamental changes in intelligence.
Genes are not blocking your way to good intelligence but your mindset does, Yes genes do matter but genes require input from the environment to work properly. And experience, training, Hard work/personal effort take them the rest of the way.
An individual’s intelligence is a fixed quantity, a quantity that cannot be increased. We must protest and react against this brutal pessimism. . . . With practice, training, and above all, method, we manage to increase our attention, our memory, our judgment and literally to become more intelligent than we were before.Alfred Binet
Book Credits: Mindset by Dr. Carol S. Dweck